Take a look at our Primary Mathematics subject curriculum:

## Reception

### Numbers

Sorting and patterns are the basis for initial activities. Recognising patterns and sequencing are very important for future number work. We explore different strategies for understanding numbers to 10, which includes counting orally forwards and backwards, number recognition, and beginning to practice ordering.  Practical activities are very important, but written number work is also covered with regular practice to ensure correct formation of the numerals. More, less, and simple practical addition is introduced.

### Shape, Space and Measure

We introduce the language associated with both 2D and 3D shape, learning to name and describe properties in a variety of ways, for a selection of common shapes. Comparison is a skill used in many activities, but also helps to introduce the terminology for measurement of length and height. Description of capacity is begun in practical terms – ‘full, empty, how much do we need’ etc. We discuss time in context of days and months, and times of day. O’clock is introduced as part of our daily routine.

## Year 1

### Number and place values

• Numbers to 10
• Numbers to 20
• Numbers to 40
• Numbers to 100

### Calculations

• Addition and subtraction within 20
• Multiplication and division

### Fractions

• Making halves and quarters
• Sharing and grouping

### Measurement

• Length and height
• Time
• Money
• Volume and capacity
• Mass

### Geometry

• Positions
• Shapes and patterns
• Space

## Year 2

### Number and place values

• Numbers to 100

### Fractions

• Making equal parts
• Showing halves, quarters and thirds
• Counting in wholes, halves, quarters and thirds
• Finding the part of a set
• Comparing and ordering fractions

### Calculations

• Multiplication of 2, 5 and 10
• Division by 2, 5 and 10
• Word problems

### Measurement

• Length
• Mass
• Temperature
• Money
• Time
• Volume

### Geometry

• Properties of 2D shapes
• Properties of 3D shapes

## Year 3

### Number and place value

• Numbers to 1 000
• Number patterns
• Counting in fours, eights, tens, fifties and hundreds

### Calculations

• Multiplication by 3, 4 and 8
• Multiplying two-digit numbers
• Division by 3, 4 and 8
• Word problems

### Statistics

• Drawing and reading picture graphs
• Drawing and reading bar graphs

### Fractions, decimals and percentages

• Counting in tenths
• Comparing fractions
• Sharing more than one
• Finding the fraction of a number

### Geometry

• Right angles
• Making turns
• Perpendicular and parallel lines
• Two-dimensional shapes
• Three-dimensional shapes

### Measurement

• Lengths in cm, m and km
• Volume and capacity in ml and litres
• Measuring and calculating perimeter

### Time

• Telling the time
• Measuring and comparing time in seconds, minutes and hours
• Changing minutes to seconds
• Changing seconds to minutes
• Finding number of days

## Year 4

### Number and place values

• Numbers to 10 000
• Roman numerals

### Calculations

• Addition and subtraction within 10 000
• Multiplication and division
• Further multiplication and division

### Statistics

• Graphs

### Fractions, decimals and percentages

• Fractions
• Counting in hundredths
• Mixed numbers, improper fractions and simplification
• Equivalent fractions
• Decimals
• Writing tenths and hundredths
• Comparing and ordering decimals
• Rounding decimals
• Writing fractions as decimals
• Dividing by 10 and 100

### Measurement

• Time
• Money
• Mass, volume and length
• Area of figures

### Geometry

• Properties of shapes
• Position and direction

## Year 5

### Number and place value

• Numbers to 1 000 000
• Roman numerals

### Calculations

• Multiplication and division
• Word problems

### Statistics

• Graphs

### Fractions, decimals and percentages

• Fractions
• Decimals
• Percentages

### Geometry

• Properties of shapes: geometry
• Position and direction: position and movement

### Measurement

• Measurements
• Area and perimeter
• Volume

## Year 6

### Numbers and place value

• Place Value and Comparing
• Ordering and Rounding

### Calculations

• Addition of numbers up to 5 digits
• Subtraction of numbers up to 4 digits
• Multiplication of numbers up to a 3 digit number by a 2 digit number
• Doubling and halving and multiplying a 4 digit number by a single digit
• Division of a 4 digit number by a single digit
• Division of an up to 4 digit number by a 2 digit number

### Number properties

• Square, triangular and negative numbers
• Multiples and factors

### Fractions, decimals and percentages

• Equivalence, comparing and ordering
• Decimals –place value, sequencing, comparing, ordering and rounding
• Decimals – addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
• Percentages – expression of a fraction as a percentage and finding a percentage of a quantity