• Application of growing knowledge of prefixes, suffixes and root words
  • Extension of sentences with more than one clause by using a wide range of conjunctions, including when, if, because, although
  • Use of conjunctions, adverbs and prepositions to express time and cause
  • Use of the present perfect form of verbs in contrast to the simple past tense
  • Use and punctuation of direct speech
  • Continuation of use of nouns (proper and common)


  • Focus on root words with prefixes and suffixes as well as commonly misspelt words including homophones
  • Spell words that are commonly misspelt


  • Identification of main ideas from paragraphs and summarising
  • Formation of opinion of motivation
  • Retrieve and record key information from non-fiction texts

Spoken Language

  • Articulation and justification of answers, arguments and opinions
  • Read exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound and where these occur in the word
  • Use of intonation, tone, volume and action in spoken dialogue
  • Speak audibly and fluently with an increasing command of standard English


  • Use diagonal and horizontal strokes to link letters, understanding which letters are best left not joined
  • Increase quality, legibility and consistency of their handwriting

Written Composition

  • Draft and write by organising ideas around themes into paragraphs, subheadings and headings.
  • Draft and write narratives using characters, settings and plots
  • Progressively use a varied and rich vocabulary and increasing range of sentence structures